A Guide To Setting Up SoC For Small And Medium Size Organizations

A Guide To Setting Up SoC For Small And Medium Size Organizations
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Table Of Content

  • Introduction
  • Steps To Setting Up A Security Operations Center
    1. Identify Objectives And Capabilities
    2. SoC Design
    3. Assemble A SOC Team
    4. Equipping The SOC
    5. Security Expertise
    6. Measure SOC Efficiency
  • Conclusion


To defend company networks, hardware, software, websites, and endpoints against security breaches, the SOC is a specialist IT department that monitors, detects, investigates, and responds to multiple sorts of cyber-attacks.

The SOC continuously scans the network for threats, weaknesses, and deficiencies so that they may be addressed before they become major problems or incidents.

Network security is overseen by the information technology (IT) department in small and medium-sized businesses. However, if your company grows, your data security requirements may rise to the point where you need a separate security operations center (SOC). Here are some instructions for putting up a single SoC so you can evaluate if a SOC is good for your company.

Steps To Setting Up A Security Operations Center

Make sure you're ready for the SOC setup procedure, which is complicated and demands a considerable initial expenditure.

  1. Identify objectives and capabilities

    With careful advance planning, you can focus on your SOC project and keep expenses under control. Setting up a SOC is time-consuming, so establishing your intended results and current assets can help you plan a successful project.

  2. SoC Design

    To determine the scope of the SOC, identify an initial set of business-critical use cases.

    • Functional requirements: Determine the performance needs and log, event, and threat intelligence data sources.
    • SOC operations: Determine the operating hours, total personnel, and job titles.
    • Architecture: Select a SIEM platform, integrate existing applications, create workflows, and automate procedures.

    SOCs can execute a wide range of high-level tasks, but to make the setup process easier, they focus first on essential capabilities – monitoring, detection, incident management, and recovery.

  3. Assemble a SOC team

    The SOC's power stems from its laser-like attention to security risks. Invest in the best team, even if you have current employees that can handle some SOC duties.

    Essential SOC Personnel Include:

    • SOC Manager: Reports to the chief information security officer and supervises the SOC team (CISO)
    • Security Analyst: Risk management and security intelligence are provided in real-time.
    • SIEM Engineer: SIEM administration, incident response, and vendor management are all under his supervision.
    • Forensic Investigator: Analyzes data, evidence, and behavior analytics from incidents.
    • Incident Responder: Using incident response strategies, conducts initial investigations and threat assessments (IRPs)
    • Compliance Auditor: Assures that SOC procedures adhere to government legislation and industry standards.

    A co-managed SOC can cut manpower overhead by combining an internal staff with independent contractors.

  4. Equipping the SOC:

    Aside from SIEM and IT management software, the SOC requires specific software.

    These software tools include:

    • Cyber threat intelligence databases and feeds
    • Governance, risk, and compliance (GRC) systems
    • Firewalls, including next-generation firewalls (NGFW)
    • Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS)
    • Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS)
    • Penetration Testing Tools
    • Vulnerability Scanners
    • Wireless Intrusion Prevention

    It's not a good idea to compromise on the SOC's equipment. To reap the many benefits that a SOC may provide, your team will need a powerful set of tools.

  5. Measure SOC Efficiency:

    To achieve optimal efficiency and effectiveness, SOC metrics for overall performance and individual team members are required.

    Common SOC Metrics Include:

    • Timeline of Events
    • Minute-by-Minute Outages
    • Percentage of Escalated Incidents
    • Time To Containment and Eradication
    • Percentage of Recurring occurrences
    • False-Positive Rules


Every firm must ensure the security of its data and client information. CyberNX SOC ensures the security of any small or medium-sized business's network and connected assets 24/7. To learn more about SOC Visit SoC-as-a-Service Page

Author - CNX Admin

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